Orion. Multi RC competition model for .45 power.
Quote: "The designer says: Orion was designed and developed especially for contest work. For a complete run-down on some of the design features refer to the June, 1960 issue of Model Airplane News. This kit is the most advanced and complete R/C kit produced to date. It is exactly as the original model with a few improvements. In a high performance contest model good workmanship is essential. Most important of all, flying surfaces must be true - more on this later. The ship should be flown with a minimum of eight channels, and not rudder only. At this writing the prototype has had a full season of contest flying with no weak points showing up. In spite of the advanced design the Orion is simple to build."
Quote: "editor's Note - MAN has not published a contest multi-control RC design since the Astro Hog in April /958. The 'Astro' has been so widely accepted as the airplane for this event that, until now, no equal, or better, ship has been available. In capable hands, the Orion achieves a new standard of high performance. Its designer, Ed Kazrnirski modestly makes no claim that the Orion is a better airplane. In MAN'S opinion, the Orion is the best multi offered to date. But remember that we, not Ed, said that!
The Orion, like any airplane design, is one answer to a problem. The problem, in this case, was the need for a ship capable of more nearly perfect maneuvers. Through 1959, I had flown the Astro Hog (oz4756) design, but with various modifications to improve maneuvers. But it takes more than an Astro to beat an Astro. While it is always possible to cite areas of possible improvement in any design, it is not possible to off-handedly put a design on paper that would achieve these improvements, especially when the existing design is conceded everywhere to be the airplane for multi competition.
A list of performance standards must first be established. By studying our own past contest experiences, certain weaknesses, which occurred during various maneuvers with our past ships, were evident. Mainly, it was decided that a good contest ship had to be smooth flying at all times.
Keeping all of these things in mind, an entirely new design was worked out. The ship then went through a development period of about five months. During this time we worked on everything we felt would increase the performance of the ship. This resulted in much flight testing, working with moments, center of gravity locations, and wing and stabilizer areas. A good design involves a lot of compromises.
For a long time, we felt that the stab, being mounted on the bottom of the fuselage in line with the wing wash caused some problems in certain flight attitudes. Even in dead calm evening air, we noticed some buffeting in last year's ship. This we thought was caused by wing wash over the stab. The new design has the stab mounted well above this area, plus being trimmed to fly tail high in level flight. This high stab location does appear to give an improvement in smoother flight.
Since ailerons are used a good part of the time, any improvement made here would be a big help. We went out to the local airport with a pad and made sketches of the many different types of hinging arrangements found on full-scale aircraft..."
This is an Uncle Willies plan.
Update 06/06/2017: added original article (MAN June 1960), also Top Flite assembly & operating manual, thanks to Pit.
Update 11/10/2018: added article by Ed Kazmirski - "Updating the Orion" - from Grid Leaks March-April 1964, thanks to Pit.
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