Ramrod 250 (oz6344)
About this Plan
Ramrod 250. Free flight competition power model. Wingspan 40 in, wing area 250 sq in. Note the article includes further details to construct larger versions at the following sizes: 432, 600, 750.
Later kitted by Berkeley.
Quote: "Biggest winner of the 1955 season, in all sizes and in many hands, was this California design. Plans show the Half-A. Ramrod 250, by Ron St Jean.
Ramrod was seven years in the making, but has just recently established itself as one of the most consistent winners in California and at the 1955 Nationals. Let it win for you in 1956.
The ship is easy to construct and even easier to adjust, most of them checking out in three flights! Performance is excellent - honest dead air time is four to five minutes, depending upon size of model, weight and engine. Some 7 am flights of seven minutes plus on what I like to call 'dew thermals' are not uncommon. The phenomenon mentioned is caused by the re-absorption into the air of dew lying in grass or hay after the morning temperature rises above the dew point. This results in a slight buoyancy, making many a modeler believe his four-minute gassie is a six-minute bomb. (Believe it or not, there are sometimes thermals at night - I know; a '750' with lights flew away at 10 pm one evening and it has not been heard from since!)
Like other successful gas models, the Civy Boy (oz10174), for example, Ramrod is the culmination of many years of trial and error designing. It all started in 1948 after the Olathe Nationals. Three other designs seemed outstanding in my mind and my purpose was to produce a model better than any of the three by combining what I considered the best points of each.
The first model, called Cowboy, had general proportions very similar to the 1948 Civy Boy, with simplified sheet balsa fuselage construction as in the Zeek (oz5040) and thin airfoils, as in the 1948 Hogan (oz5350). The first Half-A and A Cowboys were very successful, both winning first places in large local meets. Later 'improvements,' however, evolved models just full of bugs. On the basis of the first wins registered (1950), several plans were asked for and provided. Interest in Cowboy petered out, though, because it simply was not good enough to perpetuate itself. Ramrod, I'm certain, can sustain itself and grow, because it is a bugless design.
During the ensuing years, configuration was changed; construction was modified; airfoils were thickened; dihedral in tip sections was increased; tail and nose moment arms and stab percentage were reduced; pylon was shortened, then relengthened; retractable landing gears and one-bladed props were incorporated, then discarded; thrust line was raised, then relowered; that's enough to give you an idea.
The design was not finalized until late in the fall of 1954, but at that time another problem arose: what was the best size model to build for each of the engines I was using?
Until that time I had been going on the 'hotter the better' theory, where one attempts to put his little sky-rocket all but out of sight in the allotted 20 seconds, hoping it will take five minutes and 40 seconds to fall through, even with its poor glide. At this time the .19 - .23 Ramrod had 350 sq in of wing area. This was a four minute model but had the following had features:
1. It was stable under power, but hard to control, since it was so sensitive to rubber adjustments;
2. A re-check-out was necessary at each flying session, because of very slight warp changes;
3. The glide was fast enough with its high wingloading to cause many broken props and rips in covering.
The disadvantages of the 'hotter the better' theory had begun to make clear the advantages of the 'powered glider' theory. Building a model as large as possible without going far overweight does away with all the disadvantages of the small ship and in addition does one more important thing: it reduces the sinking speed of the model so that it can be suspended by a weak thermal, while the smaller one would drop right through.
With this in mind, the 350 Ramrods were put aside and 500's built. Still the glide was not all it could be, so a 600 was built, over 70 per cent larger than the original. model. The 600 has an excellent glide and will thermal at the drop of a hat. In a similar manner, size was found for the Half-A at 250 sq in and for the B-C at 750.
Since the Ramrod contains 'something borrowed,' I think it is only right to recognize those who made contributions. The ideas of both Lew Mahieu and Paul Gilliam had a profound influence on the design of Ramrod. Their help is sincerely appreciated.
Before moving on to the construction of Ramrod, I would like to say a few words about a theory regarding the age-old controversy of spiral stability. It is the direct application of this theory which makes Ramrod one of the most spirally stable free flight models yet designed.
Advocates of both sides of the question produce convincing arguments to back their theories, but both make assumptions in their theories - assumptions which may not be true in each case. As an example, one assumes that his model is slipping while in a steep turn, as well may be the case. But my model might skid under similar circumstances. Hence, what would act as a stabilizing force in one case might well be a destabilising force in the other! I firmly believe that we can safely throw most of our old spiral theories into the scrap balsa box and substitute what I shall call, for lack of a better phrase, the 'top rudder theory.' My contention is that to insure a design to be spirally stable we need do only two things:
1. Provide in the design sufficient decalage, dihedral and rudder so that we will have, respectively, ample longitudinal, lateral and directional stability;
2. Design or adjust our model so that it will climb against rudder. In this way the rudder offset will help hold the tail down in a steep bank.
It's as simple as that.
Ramrod is just about as simple to build as a free flight model can be, but a few step-by-step hints may help keep you out of trouble. The first step, of course, is to scale up the plans; for the 250, multiply all dimensions on the drawing by three for full size. If building one of the other Ramrods, use the table for all dimensions and wood sizes, If a construction detail seems unclear or incomplete, refer to the 250 drawing for clarification.
The Ramrod 250 wing is a little unusual, since it is not built with conventional ribs, as the larger ones are. This 'semi-rib' enables one to build as light a wing as possible and greatly reduces the time consumed in cutting out ribs. With an aluminum pattern, ribs can be chopped out in practically no time. The 'semi-rib' is not used in the larger Ramrods since more strength is needed and weight is not at such a premium at is it with the Half-A's.
Start your 250 wing by pinning down to the drawing the LE and, the notched TE. The 1/16 in sq bottom ribs are then added, followed by the two spars and the rib support, which is cemented to the LE. Make sure there is no cement fillet left, which could later hold up the front of the ribs and false ribs. Note that at the center of the wing and at all dihedral joints, full rib's are used, since extra support is required at these places..."
Quote: "Hi Steve, Here is Ron St. Jean's classic Ramrod 250 from MAN June 1956. This has been scaled up from the plan in the original article and has the light-weight built up rib whereas the later kit plan Ramrod 250 (oz6629) shows a conventional solid rib. The only change made to the magazine drawing is to point the rear spar dimension on the wing section in the right direction - the original shows both spar dimensions arrowed to the front spar. I have also scanned the construction article which includes wing ribs and a table of dimensions and wood sizes for three larger Ramrods: '432', '600' and '750'..."
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